Standard Deviation is a measure of the volatility that an investment experiences over time. The higher the standard deviation, the greater the performance swings of the investment. The Sharpe Ratio uses a fund’s standard deviation and its excess return (the difference between the fund’s return and the risk-free return of 90-day Treasury Bills) to determine reward per unit of risk. Beta is a measure of a fund’s sensitivity to market movements. A portfolio with a beta greater than 1 is more volatile than the market, and a portfolio with a beta less than 1 is less volatile than the market. R-Squared reflects the percentage of a fund’s movements that are explained by movements in its benchmark index, showing the degree of correlation between the fund and the benchmark. Alpha is a measure of performance on a risk adjusted basis of a mutual fund and compares its risk adjusted performance to a benchmark index. A positive alpha of 1.0% means the fund has outperformed its benchmark index by 1% and a negative alpha of -1.0% would indicate an underperformance of 1%.